Nepal at a Glance

Nepal a landlocked Himalayan country in South Asia that overlaps with East Asia has borders with the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China in the North and India in the East, South and west respectively. Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal. The country extends up to 147,181 sq. kilometers and altitude ranges from 70 meters to 8848 meters. Nepal Time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT. The population of Nepal is approximately 2,24,91,097. Nepali is the national language of Nepal; educated people understand and speak English as well. Nepalese people are mainly divided into two distinct groups the Indo-Aryans and the Mangoloids. Hindu Temples and Buddhist shrines are scattered all over the Country. Nepal is the birthplace of Lord Buddha, known as the Light of Asia. Nepal is widely known for Everest, the highest peak in the world, the enchanting Himalayans, Nature & Adventure Tourism and the infamous Gorkha soldiers. Nepal is mainly agriculture and tourism based economy with an increased expansion in the industrial and production activity. Handicrafts, Herbal Productions, Spices and Apparels are the major exports. Tourism is the good incoming source of Nepal since it is famous for its natural bio-diversity, cultures, religions, arts and architectures etc.

Ever since Nepal first opened its borders to outsiders in the 1950s, this tiny mountain nation has had an irresistible mystical allure for travelers. Today, legions of trekkers are drawn to the Himalaya’s most iconic and accessible hiking, some of the world’s best, with rugged trails to Everest, the Annapurna’s and beyond. Nowhere else can you trek for days or even weeks in incredible mountain scenery, secure in the knowledge that a hot meal, cozy lodge and warm slice of apple pie await you at the end of the day? Nepal is nirvana for mountain lovers. Other travelers are drawn here by the adrenaline rush of rafting down a roaring Nepali river or bungee jumping into a bottomless Himalayan gorge. Cannoning, climbing, kayaking, paragliding and mountain biking all over a rush against the backdrop of some of the world’s most dramatic landscapes.

Other travelers prefer to see Nepal at a more gentle pace, admiring the peaks over a gin and tonic from a Himalayan viewpoint, strolling through the temple-lined medieval city squares of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur, and joining Buddhist pilgrims on a spiritual stroll around the centuries-old stupas and temples that lie scattered across the Kathmandu Valley.

Further south lay Nepal’s wild and woolly national parks, where nature buffs scan the treetops for exotic bird species and comb the jungles for rhinos and tigers from the backs of lumbering Indian elephants. Whether you cross the country by mountain bike, motorbike, raft or tourist bus, Nepal offers an astonishingly diverse array of attractions and landscapes.

There are few countries in the world that are as well set up for independent travel as Nepal. Wandering the trekking shops, bakeries and pizzerias of Thamel and Pokhara, it’s easy to feel that you have somehow landed in a kind of backpacker Disneyland. Out in the countryside lies a quite different Nepal, where traditional mountain life continues stoically and at a slower pace, and a million potential adventures glimmer on the mountain horizons. Of the 14 peaks above 8000 meters in the world eight are located in Nepal. It is the land of Sagarmatha (Mount. Everest, 8848 meters), the highest peak in the world and other 1310 mountain peaks. There are mountain flights, which fly around the Mount Everest and provide a close look of the top of the world. Nagarkot (32 kilometers East of Kathmandu) and Daman (80 Kilometers south-west of Kathmandu) one can have a distant view of Mount Everest and beautiful Himalayan ranges.

Kathmandu Valley possesses several historical monuments, old palaces and palace squares, shrines and temples, ageless traditions and legends all make it a living museum. Nepal is the land of Lord Pashupatinath, which is supposed to be the holiest Hindu temple in the world. Not only for the Hindus but also for the Buddhists Nepal offers a unique place of pilgrimage, as it is the birthplace of Lord Buddha. The most important aspect of Nepali culture is the religious harmony and understanding prevailing among the Hindus and Buddhist.

Some of the major festivals of Nepal are:
New Year's Day-April 14,(First day of Baisakh)
Matatirtha Aunsi or Mother's Day - (April)
Buddha Jayanti - (April)
Machchendranath Rath Jatra- (May-June) 
Guru Poornima (August)
Gaijatra (August)
Krishnashtami - (August-September)
Gokarna Aunsi or Father's Day - (August-September)
Indra Jatra - (September)
Bada Dashain - (September-October) 
Tihar- (October-November) 
Basanta Panchami - (January-February)

Maha Shivaratri - (March-April)
Ghode Jatra - (March-April)


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Sep 16, 2015

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